Chapter 5 Class 10 Geography - Minerals and Energy Resources

Which is the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India? Assess the importance of its different forms.


Answer :

Points to remember :

Answer to be written :

  • In India, coal is the most abundantly available fossil fuel. It provides a substantial part of a nation's energy needs.
  • Coal is found in variety of forms depending on degrees of compression and depth and time of burial.
  • PEAT : Decaying plants in swamps produce peat, which has a low carbon and high moisture content and low heating capacity.
  • LIGNITE : i s a low grade brown coal which is soft, with high moisture content.
  • Principal lignite reserves are in Nevyeli in Tamil Nadu and are used for generation of electricity. 
  • BITUMINOUS : Coal that has been buried deep and subjected to increased temperatures is bituminous coal, It is the most popular coal in commercial use.
  • Metallurgical coal is high grade bituminous coal which has a special value for smelting iron in blast furnaces.
  • ANTHRACITE : is the highest quality hard coal.

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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.