Chapter 6 Class 6 History - Early Kingdoms


Magadh was a monarchy ruled by a king. During this period, it was the most powerful mahajanapada. This was due to many factors.

  • Magadh was located in the Gangetic basin , where the soil was very fertile and yielded good harvest. Land tax was high and it provided a large income for the kingdom. This enabled the kings to maintain a large army.
  • The forest provided Magadha with timber and elephants. Timber was used to build houses, forts and chariots. Elephants were used in the army.
  • Magadha had large deposits of iron ore. Iron was used to make agricultural implements, tools and weapons of war.
  • Magadha was protected by nature. The old capital of Rajagriha (present-day Rajgir) was surrounded by hills on all sides.

The new capital, Pataliputra was situated along River Ganga. These were natural barriers against any attack on the kingdom.

  • Magadha had a flourishing trade with other regions. Profits from trade also helped the king to maintain a large army.
  • Magadha was ruled by very powerful kings such as Bimbisara, Ajatashatru and Mahapadma Nanda. They were always trying to expand their territories
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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.