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  • The Stone Age was a prehistoric period of human history where humans used stone tools for various activities like hunting, gathering, and making shelters.

  •  It is divided into three parts: the Paleolithic Age, the Mesolithic Age, and the Neolithic Age.

Paleolithic or old stone age:

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  • This period lasted from early times till about 10000 BCE, that is, till about 12000 years ago. 

  • It is further divided into early (lower), middle, and late Paleolithic.

  •  Humans used crude stone tools during this period.

Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age:

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  • This period lasted from about 10000 BCE till about 8000 BCE.

  • Stones of this period are called microliths.

  • Microliths were smaller, sharper, and more efficient that the tools of the Palaeolithic period.

  • Apart from the stone, animal bones and horns were used to make tools. 

Neolithic or New Stone Age:

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  • This period lasted from about 8000  BCE till about 4000 BCE.

  • The new stone age tools were further improved on the earlier variety of tools.

  • These tools were much sharper than the ones used in the Mesolithic period.

  • They were also polished to sparkle.

  • Different tools like axes, sickles, spears, and arrowhead s have been found in Neolithic sites and other parts of the world.
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Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.