system of social hierarchy
that divides people into different groups based on their birth, occupation, and status.
Caste-based discrimination is the
unequal and unfair treatment of people
based on their caste identity. It can take various forms such as:
- Denial of equal opportunities and rights in education, employment, health, justice, etc.
- Segregation and exclusion from public places, services, and resources.
- Violence and atrocities such as murder, rape, assault, etc.
- Humiliation and insults based on caste names and stereotypes.
Untouchability and forced labor
practices such as manual scavenging, skinning of dead animals, etc.
violates the dignity and human rights of millions of people in India and other countries. It also
hampers the social and economic development of the society
by creating divisions and conflicts among people.
Caste-based discrimination is
prohibited by the Constitution of India
and various laws such as the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. However, these laws are often not implemented effectively due to a lack of awareness, political will, and social pressure.
Caste-based discrimination can be
challenged and eliminated
- Educating people about the evils of caste system and promoting values of equality, fraternity, and human rights.
- Empowering the victims of caste-based discrimination by providing them access to education, employment, health, justice, etc.
- Mobilizing people to resist and protest against caste-based discrimination and demand accountability from the authorities.
- Creating a culture of respect and solidarity among people of different castes and backgrounds.
Caste-Based Discrimination - Concepts - Chapter 2 Class 6 Political Science - All Human Beings Are Equal - Political Science
Last updated at Sept. 12, 2023 by Teachoo