Here are different opinions about what made India a democracy. How much importance would you give to each of these factors?

A. Democracy in India is a gift of the British rulers. We received training to work with representative legislative institutions under the British rule.


  • Democracy in India was not a gift from British rulers . Our freedom fighters struggled for freedom from the British and sacrificed their lives . We indeed received training to work with representative legislative institutions under British rule, which proved to be very useful for the country in setting up its institutions and working in them
  • As a result, this factor is important, but not entirely because democracy is not a gift.

B. Freedom Struggle challenged the colonial exploitation and denial of different freedoms to Indians. Free India could not be anything but democratic.


  • By allowing changes in laws by consensus and not imposing anything on anyone, Freedom Struggle challenged colonial exploitation and spread the idea of nationalism and democracy
  • As a result, this factor plays an important role because of its values of nationalism and democracy .

C. We were lucky to have leaders who had democratic convictions. The denial of democracy in several other newly independent countries shows the important role of these leaders.


  • Our freedom struggle was fought with non-violence and bloodless struggle with tools like ‘Satyagrah’ . These struggles were started with the intention of freeing India for the people
  • As a result, this factor is very important, as our leaders were mature enough to listen to the needs of the people .


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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.