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Infant Mortality Rate

  • The infant mortality rate is the death of a child below one year of age.

Birth Rate

  • The birth rate is the number of babies born for every 1,000 people during a particular period. 

Death Rate

  • The death rate is the number of people per 1,000 who die during a particular period.

Human Capital

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  • When investment is made in education , training and medical care population becomes human capital.


Piece of land - Teachoo.png

  • the part of the earth's surface that is not covered by water .


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  • The work done by a group of workers or by a particular worker .

Physical capital

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  • Equipment, machinery , and buildings are examples of physical capital.

Literacy Rate

  • Percentage of population of a given age that can read and write .

Market Activities

  • activity performed for pay or profit . These include the production of goods or services , including government services.

Non-Market Activities

  • Non-market activities are the production for self-consumption.


  • Unemployment exists when people who are willing to work at the going wages cannot find jobs .

Seasonal unemployment

  • Seasonal Unemployment occurs when people are not able to find work during some months of the year .

Disguised unemployment

  • In disguised unemployment people appear to be employed but their contribution is not needed .

Educated unemployment

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  • Educated unemployment occur when educated youth with matriculation , graduation and post-graduation degrees are not able to find jobs .

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.