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  • The various activities have been classified into three main sectors i.e., primary, secondary and tertiary.
  • The primary sector includes agriculture , forestry , animal husbandry , fishing , poultry farming , mining and quarrying .
  • The secondary sector includes manufacturing .
  • The tertiary sector includes Trade , transport , communication , banking , education , health , tourism , services , insurance , etc.
  • The activities in these sectors result in the production of goods and services. 
  • These activities add value to the national income and hence are called economic activities .

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  • Economic activities have two parts — market activities and non-market activities
  • Market activities involve remuneration to anyone who performs i.e., activity performed for pay or profit . These include the production of goods or services , including government services.
  • Non-market activities are the production for self-consumption . These can be the consumption and processing of primary products and own account production of fixed assets.

Economic activities of different sectors - Teachoo.png

  • Due to historical and cultural reasons, there is a division of labour between men and women in the family. Women generally look after domestic chores and men work in the fields.
  • For example, Sakal’s mother Sheela cooks food , cleans utensils , washes clothes , cleans the house and looks after her children . On the other hand, Sakal’s father Buta cultivates the field , sells the produce in the market and earns money for the family.
  • Sheela is not paid for the services delivered for the upbringing of the family. Buta earns money , which he spends on his family.
  • Women are not paid for their service delivered to the family. Hence, the household work done by women is not recognised in the National Income.
  • Geeta, the mother of Vilas , earned an income by selling fish.
  • Thus women are paid for their work when they enter the labour market.
  • Their earnings like that of their male counterpart are determined based on education and skill.
  • Education helps individuals to make better use of the economic opportunities available before them.
  • Education and skill are the major determinants of the earnings of any individual in the market.
  • A majority of women have meagre education and low-skill formation and thus are paid low compared to men. 
  • Most women work in the unorganised sector , where job security is not there.
  • Various activities relating to legal protection are meagre. Employment in this sector is characterised by irregular and low income .
  • In this sector, there is an absence of basic facilities like maternity leave , childcare and other social security systems .
  • However, women with high education and skill formation are paid at par with men.
  • Among the organised sector , teaching and medicine attract them the most. Some women have entered administrative and other services including jobs , that need high levels of scientific and technological competence.




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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.