Check sibling questions

Misc 11 - Let A and B be sets. If A ∩ X = B ∩ X = Φ and A U X = B U X

Misc 11 - Chapter 1 Class 11 Sets - Part 2
Misc 11 - Chapter 1 Class 11 Sets - Part 3

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Misc 11 Let A and B be sets. If A ∩ X = B ∩ X = ∅ and A ∪ X = B ∪ X for some set X, show that A = B. (Hints: A = A ∩ (A ∪ X), B = B ∩ (B ∪ X) and use distributive law) Given: Let A and B be two sets such that A ∩ X = B ∩ X = ∅ and A ∪ X = B ∪ X for some set X. To prove: A = B Proof: Let A = A ∩ (A ∪ X) A = A ∩ (B ∪ X) Let A = A ∩ (A ∪ X) Given A ∪ X = B ∪ X A = A ∩ (B ∪ X) Using distributive law : A ∩ (B ∪ C)= (A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C) = (A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ X) As A ∩ X = ∅ given = (A ∩ B) ∪ ∅ A = A ∩ B Let B = B ∩ (B ∪ X) Given A ∪ X = B ∪ X B = B ∩ (A ∪ X) Using distributive law: A ∪ (B ∩ C)= (A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C) = (B ∩ A) ∪ (B ∩ X) As B ∩ X = Φ = (B ∩ A) ∪ Φ B = B ∩ A B = A ∩ B From (1) and (2), A = A ∩ B & B = A ∩ B ∴ A = B Hence proved

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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.