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Last updated at Jan. 27, 2020 by Teachoo

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Ex 1.3, 2 Examine whether the following statements are true or false: (i) {a, b} ⊄ {b, c, a} Since, each element of {a, b} is also an element of {b, c, a}. So, {a, b} ⊂ {b, c, a} So, the statement is False ⊂ - is a subset ⊄ - is not a subset A ⊂ B if all elements of A are in B Ex 1.3, 2 Examine whether the following statements are true or false: (ii) {a, e} ⊂ {x: x is a vowel in the English alphabet} {x: x is a vowel in the English alphabet} = {a, e, i, o, u} Since, each element of {a, e} is also an element of {a, e, i, o, u}. So, the statement is True ⊂ - is a subset A ⊂ B if all elements of A are in B Ex 1.3, 2 Examine whether the following statements are true or false: (iii) {1, 2, 3} ⊂ {1, 3, 5} Since, 2 is in set {1, 2, 3}; but not in {1, 3, 5} So, {1, 2, 3} is not a subset of {1, 3, 5} So, the statement is False. ⊂ - is a subset A ⊂ B if all elements of A are in B Ex 1.3, 2 Examine whether the following statements are true or false: (iv) {a} ⊂ {a, b, c} Each element of {a} is also an element of {a, b, c}. Thus, {a} ⊂ {a, b, c} So, the statement is True. ⊂ - is a subset A ⊂ B if all elements of A are in B Ex 1.3, 2 Examine whether the following statements are true or false: (v) {a} ∈ {a, b, c} Given set {a} belongs to {a, b, c} Here, set {a} is not an element of {a, b, c} as elements of {a, b, c} are a, b, c So, the statement is False. ⊂ - is a subset ⊄ - is not a subset ∈ - belongs to ∉ - not belongs to Ex 1.3, 2 Examine whether the following statements are true or false: (vi) {x: x is an even natural number less than 6} ⊂ {x: x is a natural number which divides 36} Natural number = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8,…. Even natural number = 2, 4, 6, 8,… {x: x is an even natural number less than 6} = {2, 4} ⊂ - is a subset A ⊂ B if all elements of A are in B {x: x is a natural number which divides 36} 36 = 1 × 36 36 = 2 × 18 36 = 3 × 12 36 = 4 × 9 36 = 6 × 6 Thus, {x: x is a natural number which divides 36} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36} So, {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36} has all the elements of {2, 4}. ∴ {x: x is an even natural number less than 6} ⊂ {x: x is a natural number which divides 36} So, the statement is True

About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.