Read the following paragraph and answer the questions
LED is a heavily doped P-N junction which under forward bias emits spontaneous radiation. When it is forward biased, due to recombination of holes and electrons at the junction, energy is released in the form of photons. In the case of Si and Ge diode, the energy released in recombination lies in the infrared region. LEDs that can emit red, yellow, orange, green and blue light are commercially available. The semiconductor used for fabrication of visible LEDs must at least have a band gap of 1.8 eV. The compound semiconductor Gallium Arsenide – Phosphide is used for making LEDs of different colours.
LEDs of different kinds
(i). Why are LEDs made of compound semiconductor and not of elemental semiconductors?
LEDs are made up of compound semiconductors and not by the elemental conductor because the band gap in the elemental conductor has a value that can detect the light of a wavelength which lies in the infrared (IR) region.