Check sibling questions

(i) Draw a labelled circuit diagram to study a relationship between potential difference (V) across the two ends of a conductor and the current (I) flowing through it. State the formula to show how I in a conductor varies when V across it is increased step wise. Show this relationship also on a schematic graph.

Answer

The formula ie., Ohm’s law , states that the current passing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference across its ends, provided the physical conditions like temperature, density etc. remain unchanged.

Draw a labelled circuit diagram (i) - Teachoo.jpg

Graph showing relationship between V and I:

Draw a labelled circuit diagram (ii) - Teachoo.jpg

(ii) Calculate the resistance of a conductor if the current flowing through it is 0.25

Answer

Given, 

  • I = 0.25 A
  • V = 1 V

According to Ohm’s law,

V = IR

Where,

  • V is potential difference
  • I is electric current
  • R is resistance

Therefore, R = V / I

                       = 1 / 0.25 

                       = 4 ohm

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo