Ex 4.2

Chapter 4 Class 10 Quadratic Equations
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### Transcript

Ex 4.2, 5 The altitude of a right triangle is 7 cm less than its base. If the hypotenuse is 13 cm, find the other two sides. Let ABC be right angled triangle, with altitude = AB, Base = BC & Hypotenuse = AC Given Hypotenuse = AC = 13 cm And, Altitude is 7 cm less than base Let Base = BC = x cm ∴ Altitude = AB = Base – 7 = x – 7 Since ABC is a right angled triangle Using Pythagoras theorem Hypotenuse2 = Height2 + Base2 (AC) 2 = AB2 + BC2 (13)2 = (x – 7)2 + x2 169 = x2 + 49 – 14x + x2 169 = 2x2 – 14x + 49 0 = 2x2 – 14x + 49 – 169 0 = 2x2 – 14x – 120 2x2 – 14x – 120 = 0 2 (x2 – 7x – 60) = 0 x2 – 7x – 60 = 0 We factorize by splitting the middle term method x2 + 5x – 12x – 60 = 0 x (x + 5) – 12 (x + 5) = 0 (x – 12) (x + 5) = 0 So, x = 12 , x = –5 are the roots of the equation Since x is length, it cannot be negative Thus, x = 12 Therefore, Base = x = 12 cm Altitude = x – 7 = 12 – 7 = 5 cm x – 12 = 0 x = 12 x + 5 = 0 x = –5 