Question 4 - Case Based Questions (MCQ) - Chapter 1 Class 10 Real Numbers

Last updated at May 29, 2023 by Teachoo

A garden consists of 135 rose plants planted in certain number of columns. There are another set of 225 marigold plants, which is to be planted in the same number of columns.

Question 1

What is the maximum number of columns in which they can be planted?

(a) 45

(b) 40

(c) 15

(d) 35

Question 2

(ii) Find the total number of plants

(a) 135

(b) 225

(c) 360

(d) 45

Question 3

Find the sum of exponents of the prime factors of the maximum number of columns in which they can be planted.

(a) 5

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 6

Question 4

What is total numbers of row in which they can be planted

(a) 3

(b) 5

(c) 8

(d) 15

Question 5

Find the sum of exponents of the prime factors of total number of plants.

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 5

(d) 6

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Question A garden consists of 135 rose plants planted in certain number of columns. There are another set of 225 marigold plants, which is to be planted in the same number of columns.
Read carefully the above paragraph and answer the following questions:
Question 1 What is the maximum number of columns in which they can be planted? (a) 45 (b) 40 (c) 15 (d) 35
Given that
Number of rose plants = 135
Number of marigold plants = 225
Now,
Maximum number of columns in which they can be planted
= HCF of 135 and 225
Finding HCF of 135 and 225
Thus,
135 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 5
225 = 3 × 3 × 5 × 5
∴ HCF = 3 × 3 × 5 = 45
So, the correct answer is (A)
Question 2 (ii) Find the total number of plants (a) 135 (b) 225 (c) 360 (d) 45
Since there are 135 rose plants and 225 marigold plants
∴ Total number of plants = 135 + 225
= 360 plants
So, the correct answer is (C)
Question 3 Find the sum of exponents of the prime factors of the maximum number of columns in which they can be planted. (a) 5 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 6
From Question (1), we found that
Maximum number of columns = 45
Prime Factorisation of 45
∴ 45 = 3 × 3 × 5
= 32 × 51
Thus,
Sum of exponents = 2 + 1 = 3
So, the correct answer is (B)
Question 4 What is total numbers of row in which they can be planted (a) 3 (b) 5 (c) 8 (d) 15
From Question 1
Number of plants in 1 row = 45
Rose plants
Number of rows of Rose plants
= 135/45 = 3
Marigold plants
Number of rows of marigold plants
= 225/45 = 5
Thus,
Total number of rows = 3 + 5 = 8
So, the correct answer is (C)
Question 5 Find the sum of exponents of the prime factors of total number of plants. (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 5 (d) 6
Total number of plants = 135 + 225
= 360
Prime Factorisation of 360
∴ 360 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 5
= 23 × 32 × 51
Thus,
Sum of exponents = 3 + 2 + 1 = 6
So, the correct answer is (D)

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.

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