n 2 – 1 is divisible by 8, if n is: 

(a)an integer   (b) a natural number

(c) an odd integer   (d) an even integer

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  1. Chapter 1 Class 10 Real Numbers (Term 1)
  2. Serial order wise

Transcript

Question 5 n2 – 1 is divisible by 8, if n is: an integer (b) a natural number (c) an odd integer (d) an even integer We will do this by trial and error Option (A) – n is an integer If n is an integer, n2 – 1 is not divisible by 8 Example: For n = 2, n2 – 1 = 22 – 1 = 3 is not divisible by 8 Option (B) – n is a natural number If n is an natural number, n2 – 1 is not divisible by 8 Example: For n = 2, n2 – 1 = 22 – 1 = 3 is not divisible by 8 Option (C) – n is an odd integer If n is an odd integer, Let n = 2q + 1 So, n2 – 1 = (n + 1) (n − 1) Putting n = 2q + 1 n2 – 1 = (2q + 1 + 1) (2q + 1 − 1) n2 – 1 = (2q + 2) 2q n2 – 1 = 2(q + 1) 2q n2 – 1 = 4q(q + 1) For q = 0 n2 − 1 = 0 is divisible by 8 For q = 1 n2 − 1 = 4 (1) (1 + 1) = 8 is divisible by 8 For q = 2 n2 − 1 = 4 (2) (2 + 1) = 24 is divisible by 8 Thus, n2 – 1 is divisible when n is an odd integer So, (C) is correct. Option (D) – n is an even integer If n is an even integer, Let n = 2q So, n2 – 1 = (2q)2 − 1 = 4q2 − 1 For q = 0 n2 − 1 = 4(0)2 − 1 = −1 is not divisible by 8 For q = 1 n2 − 1 = 4(1)2 − 1 = 3 is not divisible by 8 For q = 2 n2 − 1 = 4(2)2 − 1 = 15 is not divisible by 8 Thus, n2 – 1 is not divisible when n is an even integer

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 10 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.