If two figures have the same shape & size,

they are congruent


For example




  AB & PQ have

  • Same shape - both are lines
  • Same size – both are 5 cm

So, they are congruent.


How to check if they are congruent?


We rotate PQ

& superimpose it an AB


Since, PQ comes AB exactly…

They are congruent


Some common shapes that are congruent are



Congruency Symbol

If two figures are congruent


We write

  AB ≅ PQ


If two figures are not congruent like


We write,

  XY ≇ CD



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  1. Chapter 7 Class 7 Congruence of Triangles
  2. Concept wise

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.