# Ex 5.1, 8 - Chapter 5 Class 7 Lines and Angles

Last updated at Sept. 11, 2018 by Teachoo

Ex 5.1

Ex 5.1, 1 (i)

Ex 5.1, 1 (ii) Important

Ex 5.1, 1 (iii) Important

Ex 5.1, 2 (i)

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Ex 5.1, 3 (i)

Ex 5.1, 3 (ii) Important

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Ex 5.1, 3 (iv) Important

Ex 5.1, 3 (v)

Ex 5.1, 3 (vi) Important

Ex 5.1, 4

Ex 5.1, 5 Important

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Ex 5.1, 8 You are here

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Ex 5.1, 11

Ex 5.1, 12 (i)

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Ex 5.1, 13 (i) Important

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Ex 5.1, 13 (iv)

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Ex 5.1, 14

Ex 5.1, 8 (Method 1) An angle is greater than 45°. Is its complementary angle greater than 45° or equal to 45° or less than 45°? Let’s assume angle is 𝜃 where 𝜃 > 45° We know that, If two angles are complementary, their sum is 90° Angle 1 + Angle 2 = 90° 𝜃 + Angle 2 = 90° Angle 2 = 90° − 𝜃 Now, 𝜃 > 45° Multiplying by –1 both sides −𝜃 < −45° Adding 90° both sides 90° − 𝜃 < 90° − 45° 90° − 𝜃 < 45° Angle 2 < 45° ∴ The complementary angle would be less than 45° Ex 5.1, 8 (Method 2) An angle is greater than 45°. Is its complementary angle greater than 45° or equal to 45° or less than 45°? We know that, If two angles are complementary, their sum is 90° Let two angles be ∠1 and ∠2. Where ∠ 1 is greater than 45°, we need to find ∠ 2 Let’s take some examples Example 1: Suppose ∠ 1 and ∠ 2 are complementary. If ∠1 = 60°, ∠2 = ? ∠1 + ∠2 = 90° 60° + ∠2 = 90° ∠2 = 90° − 60° ∠2 = 30° Example 2: Suppose ∠ 1 and ∠ 2 are complementary. If ∠ 1 = 46°, ∠ 2 = ? ∠1 + ∠2 = 90° 46° + ∠2 = 90° ∠2 = 90° − 46° ∠2 = 44° Thus, If one of the complementary angle is greater than 45°, the other one will be less than 45°