Suppose we have the following statements

  1. Sun rises from the west
  2. Ganga is the river in India
  3. India will win the test match

Statement 1 is always false.

as Sun rises from the east

Statement 2 is always true.

as Ganga is a river in India

 

Statement 3 is not always true or false.

India can win the match or not. Both are possible.

 

In statement 3, we can try to find the chance where India can win

 

Let’s look at Chance & Probability

 

Chance

Suppose we toss a coin 25 times.

Our result can be something like

 

Hence,

Chance of Tail Coming = (Total number of times Tail has come)/(Total number of outcomes)

                                     = 16/25

 

Chance of Head Coming = (Total number of times Head has come)/(Total number of outcomes)

= 9/25

 

Chance is defined by the result of outcomes.

 

But, what if we toss the coin

  1000 times

or  10000 times

or   Infinite times?

 

Assuming the number of outcomes is infinite,

  then chance becomes Probability

 

Similarly,

  we can do for a die

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Probability

 

Suppose we toss a coin,

  there are only 2 possible outcomes − Heads or Tails

 

Probability of getting Head

= (Number of outcome where head can come)/(Total possible outcomes numbers)

= 1/2

 

Similarly,

  Probability of getting Tail = 1/2

 

Similarly for Die,

  Probability outcomes = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

 

Probability of getting 5

    = (Number of outcome where 5 can come)/(Total possible outcomes numbers)

    = 1/6

Probability of getting 7 = 0/6

       = 0

 

Probability of getting number less than 6 = 6/6

     = 1

Probability of getting number less than 6 = 6/6

     = 1

  1. Chapter 5 Class 8 Data Handling
  2. Concept wise

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 8 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo. You can check his NCERT Solutions from Class 6 to 12.