A part of a circle is called an arc.
Let us take two points on the circle - A & B.
If we join A & B along the circle (the blue part), we get a part of the circle.
This part of the circle is called arc. We call it arc AB
Note : We can also join it from the other side, then it will be a major arc.
Major arc is greater than 1/2 of the circle, minor arc is less than 1/2 of the circle