Ex 9.4, 15 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations
Last updated at April 16, 2024 by Teachoo
Solving homogeneous differential equation
Ex 9.4, 16 (MCQ)
Ex 9.4, 2
Ex 9.4, 15 You are here
Ex 9.4, 4 Important
Example 11
Ex 9.4, 14 Important
Ex 9.4, 13
Ex 9.4, 8
Ex 9.4, 7 Important
Example 21 Important
Ex 9.4, 6 Important
Ex 9.4, 5
Example 13 Important
Ex 9.4, 9
Ex 9.4, 12 Important
Ex 9.4, 1 Important
Ex 9.4, 3
Ex 9.4, 11
Example 10 Important
Misc 3 Important
Example 12 Important
Ex 9.4, 10 Important
Misc 8 Important
Misc 9
Solving homogeneous differential equation
Last updated at April 16, 2024 by Teachoo
Ex 9.4, 15 For each of the differential equations in Exercises from 11 to 15 , find the particular solution satisfying the given condition : 2𝑥𝑦+𝑦^2−2𝑥^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥=0;𝑦=2 When 𝑥=1 Differential equation can be written 𝑎s 2𝑥𝑦+𝑦^2−2𝑥^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥=0 2𝑥𝑦+𝑦^2= 2𝑥^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 2𝑥^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥=2𝑥𝑦+𝑦^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥= (2𝑥𝑦 + 𝑦^2)/(2𝑥^2 ) 𝒅𝒚/𝒅𝒙= 𝒚/𝒙 + 𝒚^𝟐/(𝟐𝒙^𝟐 ) Let F(x, y) = 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 = 𝑦/𝑥 + 𝑦^2/(2𝑥^2 ) Finding F(𝝀x, 𝝀y) F(𝜆x, 𝜆y) = 𝜆𝑦/𝜆𝑥 + 〖(𝜆𝑦)〗^2/(2〖(𝜆𝑥)〗^(2 ) ) = 𝑦/𝑥 + 𝑦^2/(2𝑥^2 ) = 𝜆° F(x, y) ∴ F(x, y) is a homogenous function of degree zero Putting y = vx Diff w.r.t. x 𝒅𝒚/𝒅𝒙 = x 𝒅𝒗/𝒅𝒙 + v Putting value of 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 and y = vx in (1) 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥= 𝑦/𝑥 + 𝑦^2/(2𝑥^2 ) 𝑣+𝑥 𝑑𝑣/𝑑𝑥 = 𝑣+ 𝑣^2/2 𝑥𝑑𝑣/𝑑𝑥 = 𝑣^2/2 𝟐𝒅𝒗/𝒗^𝟐 = 𝒅𝒙/𝒙 Integrating both sides 2∫1▒𝑑𝑣/𝑣^2 "=" ∫1▒𝑑𝑥/𝑥 2∫1▒〖𝑣^(−2) 𝑑𝑣=log|𝑥|+𝑐〗 2 (𝑣^(−2 + 1) )/(−2 + 1) =log|𝑥|+𝑐 2 (〖𝑣 〗^(−1) )/(−1) =log|𝑥|+𝑐 (−2 )/𝑣 =log|𝑥|+𝑐 Putting value of v = (𝑦 )/𝑥 (−𝟐𝒙)/𝒚 = log |𝒙| + C Putting x = 1 & y = 2 in (2) (−2(1))/2 = log |𝟏| + C −1 = 0 + C C = −1 Putting value in (2) (−2𝑥)/𝑦 = log |𝑥| + C (−2𝑥)/𝑦 = log |𝑥| − 1 y = (−2𝑥)/〖log 〗|𝑥|" − 1 " y = 𝟐𝒙/〖𝟏 − 𝐥𝐨𝐠 〗|𝒙|" "