(1) In current year business loss can be set off against any business [whether Normal or speculative]


Income from Speculative Business=50000

Loss from Normal Business=10000

These 2 can be adjusted and Net Income form Speculative business=4000

(2) It can be adjusted against any other income

     [Except salary income]

(3) Balance can be carry forward for adjustment in next year for maximum 8 years 

(4) In next year it can be adjusted against Business income only




Income from salary 350000
Income from house property 150000
Income(Loss) from business – non-speculative -500000
Income from business  2– non-speculative 100000
Income from speculative business 200000
Total 300000
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Other Points

(5) Even if business discontinued still loss can be carry forward and adjusted against other Business Income

(6) Loss is allowed to same person who incurred the loss except in following cases.





Person (individual )   

Son [inheritor] He can carry forward for remaining 8 years   

Amalgamation of company

Amalgamating company

Amalgamated Co [Provision of section 72 A / 72 AA to be complied ]

Amalgamation  of Cooperative bank

Amalgamating cooperative bank 

Amalgamated cooperative bank  [Provision of section 72 AB  to be  complied ]

 Succession of partnership / proprietorship, in to company

Partnership / proprietorship

Company [provision of section 47(xiii) and 47(xiv) to be complied

Succession of  private co/ unlisted public LTD co, in to LLP 

PVT LTD/ Unlisted public LTD


 Demerger of company

Demerged co.

Resulting co.
[conditions specified by central govt. to be fulfilled]

Demerger of cooperative bank

Demerged cooperative bank

 cooperative bank

  1. Income Tax
  2. Set off and Carry Forward of Losses
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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 8 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo. You can check his NCERT Solutions from Class 6 to 12.