Give reasons to explain why the Maasai community lost their grazing lands.

 

Answer:

Points to remember

The Maasai community lost their grazing land for the following reasons:

  1. European imperial powers scrambled for control over Africa dividing the region into colonies .
  2. The grazing lands were taken for white settlement and the Maasai were pushed into a small area .
  3. Maasai lost 60 per cent of their lands .
  4. The British encouraged local peasants to expand cultivation .
  5. Pasturelands were turned into cultivated lands .
  6. Large areas of grazing lands were turned into game reserves .
  7. Pastoralists were not allowed to enter these game reserves .

Answer to be written

The Maasai community lost their grazing land for the following reasons:

  1. As European imperial powers scrambled for control over Africa in the late nineteenth century, the region was divided into colonies . An international boundary was established between British Kenya and German Tanganyika in 1885 , cutting Maasailand in half .
  2. The best grazing lands were gradually taken over for white settlement and the Maasai were pushed into a small area in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania . They were limited to an arid zone with uncertain rainfall and poor pastures .
  3. The Maasai lost about 60 per cent of their pre-colonial lands
  4. From the late nineteenth century, the British colonial government in east Africa encouraged local peasant communities to expand cultivation .
  5. As cultivation expanded , pasturelands were turned into cultivated fields
  6. Large areas of grazing land were also turned into game reserves like the Maasai Mara and Samburu National Park in Kenya and Serengeti Park in Tanzania .
  7. Pastoralists were not allowed to enter these reserves , they could neither hunt animals nor graze their herds in these areas.

(Any Five)

Ask a doubt
Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.