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  • Data protection is the process of safeguarding your data from unauthorized access, use, modification, or disclosure.
  • Data protection is important because your data may contain personal, confidential, or valuable information that you do not want to share with others or lose.
  • Data protection can be achieved by using various methods, such as encryption, backup, firewall, antivirus, password, etc.
  • Data protection also involves respecting the intellectual property rights (IPR) of others who create or own data.

Intellectual Property Right (IPR)

Intellectual property rights are th e legal rights that protect the creations of the mind , such as inventions, literary and artistic works, designs, symbols, names, and images.


Copyright is the exclusive right of the author or creator of a literary or artistic work to control its reproduction, distribution, adaptation, translation, or performance for a certain period of time.


Patent is the exclusive right of the inventor or owner of an invention to prevent others from making, using, selling, or importing it for a certain period of time.


Trademark is the distinctive sign that identifies the products or services of a particular person or company and distinguishes them from those of others.

Violation of IPR

Violation of IPR is the infringement or misuse of the intellectual property rights of others without their permission or authorization.

Violation of IPR can have negative consequences, such as legal action, monetary damages, loss of reputation, loss of innovation, etc.

Therefore, it is important to respect and protect the intellectual property rights of others and avoid violating them.

Violation of IPR can take various forms, such as plagiarism, copyright infringement, trademark infringement, etc.


Plagiarism is the act of copying or using the ideas or words of another person as one’s own without giving proper credit or citation.

Copyright Infringement

Copyright infringement is the act of reproducing, distributing, adapting, translating, or performing a copyrighted work without the permission or license of the copyright holder.

Trademark Infringement

Trademark infringement is the act of using a trademark that is identical or confusingly similar to a registered trademark without the authorization of the trademark owner.

Open source software and licensing 

One way to respect and protect IPR is to use open source software and licensing.

Open source software is software that has its source code available for anyone to inspect, modify, and enhance.

Open source software is usually distributed under a license that grants users certain rights and obligations regarding its use and modification.

Some examples of open source software licenses are:

Creative Commons 

A set of licenses that allow users to share and adapt creative works for various purposes under different conditions.


GNU General Public License is a license that requires users to share any modifications or improvements they make to the software under the same license.


A license that allows users to use and modify the software for any purpose without any restrictions or obligations.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.