Assertion and Reasoning

History
Chapter 1 Class 9 History - French Revolution

## In the questions given below, there are two  statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason  (R). Read the statements and choose the correct  option.

### Reason (R): Peasants were forced to transport their  grain to the cities and sell it at prices fixed by the  Government.

Options:

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct  explanation of (A).

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the  correct explanation of (A).

(c) (A) is correct but (R) is wrong.

(d) (A) is wrong but (R) is correct.

So the correct answer is (b) - Both Assertion(a) and Reason (r) are true but reason (r) is not the correct explanation of assertion (a).

## Explanation

• Assertion (A): Robespierre’s government issued laws placing a maximum ceiling on wages and prices. Meat and bread were rationed to seek equality. Thus, the assertion is true.
• Reasoning (R): Peasants were forced to transport their grain to the cities and sell it at a price fixed by the government because the use of more expensive white flour was forbidden; all citizens were required to eat the pain d’égalité (equality bread), a loaf made of wholewheat. Thus, the reasoning is true.
• Placing a maximum ceiling on wages and prices is not related to peasants that were forced to transport their grain to the cities and sell it. Thus, Reasoning is not a correct explanation of Assertion.

Thus,

• Assertion is true
• Reasoning is true
• and Reasoning is not the correct explanation of Assertion

So, the correct answer is (b).

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