Water is available in abundance in India even then scarcity of water is experienced in major parts of the country. Explain it with four examples.
Points to Remember
- Over-exploitation , excessive use and unequal access
- Outcome of a large and growing population
- Water resources are being overexploite d
- Falling groundwater levels
- houses have their own groundwater pumping devices
Answer to be written in the exam
- Water scarcity in most cases is caused by over-exploitation , excessive use and unequal access to water among different social groups.
- Water scarcity may be an outcome of a large and growing population and consequent greater demands for water , and unequal access to it.
- In order to facilitate increased food grain production , water resources are being overexploite d to expand irrigated areas for dry-season agriculture.
- In order to increase production, most farmers have their own wells and tube wells on their farms. However, it may result in falling groundwater levels, reducing people's access to water and food security.
- The housing societies or colonies in the cities, you would find that most of these houses have their own groundwater pumping devices to meet their water needs. Fragile water resources are being over-exploited and have caused their depletion in several of these cities.