Last updated at Dec. 8, 2016 by Teachoo

Transcript

Example 5 Match each of the set on the left described in the roster form with the same set on the right described in the set-builder form : (i) {P, R, I, N, C, A, L} (a) { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} (ii) { 0 } (b) { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } (iii) {1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18} (c) {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} (iv) {3, –3} (d) {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} 1, 2 ,3, 6, 9, 18 are all divisors of 18 So, (iii) matches (a). (i) {P, R, I, N, C, A, L} (a) { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} (ii) { 0 } (b) { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } (iii) {1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18} (c) {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} (iv) {3, –3} (d) {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } x2 – 9 = 0 ⇒ x = 3, –3 So (iv) matches (b). (i) {P, R, I, N, C, A, L} (a) { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} (ii) { 0 } (b) { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } (iii) {1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18} (c) {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} (iv) {3, –3} (d) {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} x + 1 = 1 ⇒ x = 0. So, (ii) matches (c) (i) {P, R, I, N, C, A, L} (a) { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} (ii) { 0 } (b) { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } (iii) {1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18} (c) {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} (iv) {3, –3} (d) {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} There are 9 letters in the word PRINCIPAL and two letters P and I are repeated, So (i) matches (d).

Depicition of sets - Set builder form

Chapter 1 Class 11 Sets

Concept wise

- Depiction and Defination
- Depicition of sets - Roster form
- Depicition of sets - Set builder form
- Intervals
- Null Set
- Finite/Infinite
- Equal sets
- Subset
- Power Set
- Universal Set
- Venn Diagram and Union of Set
- Intersection of Sets
- Difference of sets
- Complement of set
- Number of elements in set - 2 sets (Direct)
- Number of elements in set - 2 sets - (Using properties)
- Number of elements in set - 3 sets
- Proof - Using properties of sets
- Proof - where properties of sets cant be applied,using element

About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.