Until 18th century, which two countries were considered the richest in the world?
(A) China and Japan
(B) England and France
(C) India and China
(D) England and Italy
So, the correct answer is (C): India and China
The Indian subcontinent benefited from the favorable geographic location. India and China engaged in international trade in minerals, pottery, silk, and spices. In other words, these nations dominated Asian trade .