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What is Leave Encashment

Normally company provides a fixed number of leaves to employee. If a person takes less number of leaves, he can claim salary from the company for leaves not taken, This is called leave salary or leave encashment .

  Leave Salary or Leave Encashment [Section 10(10AA)] - Taxability Of Retirement Benefits

As per Income tax,

1.If this leave salary is provided during tenure of service , it is fully taxable

2.However if it is provided after retirement , then it is fully exempt for government employees.

3.However for non government employee ,the amount exempt is lower of

  • Actual Amt Received
  • 300000
  • 10 Month Average Salary
  • Cash equivalent of (30 days leave entitlement) for each completed years of service less Leave Taken)

Note :-

Average salary is calculated by taking average of last 10 months salary .

Salary means Basic +DA+ Commission as % of turnover

  leave salary enchashment exemption.png



Mr. Gupta retired on 1.12.2015 after 20 years 10 months of service, receiving leave salary of Rs 5,00,000.

Other details of his salary income are:


Basic Salary

Rs 5,000 p.m. (Rs 1,000 was increased w.e.f.1.4.2015)

Dearness Allowance

Rs 3,000 p.m. (60% of which is for retirement benefits)


Rs 500 p.m.


Rs 1,000 p.m.

Leave availed during service

480 days

He was entitled to 30 days leave every year.

You are required to compute his taxable leave salary assuming:

(i)  He is a government employee

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(ii) He is a non-government employee

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Leave  Encashment Already Claimed Earlier

(1) In case of Change of job during year ,

Limit of Rs.300000/- is the overall limit (whether received from one employer or more than one employer)


(2) Limit of Rs.300000/- is reduced by any amount of exemption claimed earlier

For Example

If the assesse has claimed exemption Earlier of Rs.100000/- regarding leave encashment balance Rs.200000/- maximum exemption he can claim this year .  


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CA Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years. He also provides Accounts Tax GST Training in Delhi, Kerala and online.