Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

Poverty in India also has another aspect or dimension. The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. States like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa had above all India poverty level. Bihar and Orissa continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios. There has been a substantial reduction in global poverty. Poverty declined substantially in China and Southeast Asian countries as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. There were a number of causes for the widespread poverty in India. One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration. The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. Removal of poverty has been one of the major objectives of Indian developmental strategy. In these circumstances, there is a clear need for targeted anti-poverty programmes. Although there are so many schemes which are formulated to affect poverty directly or indirectly. These anti-poverty programmes are Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana, Rural Employment Generation Programme, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yozana, etc.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Question (i)

In which year Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) was launched?

(a) 1999

(b) 2000

(c) 2004

(d) 1995



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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.