Interstate Disparities

  • Poverty in India also has another aspect or dimension.

  • The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state.

  • The success rate of reducing poverty varies from state to state.

  • Recent estimates show while the India Head Count Ratio (HCR) was 21.9 percent in 2011-12 states like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Odisha had above-all India poverty levels.

  • As the above graph shows, Bihar and Odhisha continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 33.7 and 32.6 percent respectively.

  • States like Punjab and Haryana have traditionally succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates.

  • Kerala has focused more on human resource development.

  •  In West Bengal , land reform measures have helped in reducing poverty.

  • In Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu public distribution of food grains could have been responsible for the improvement.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.