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English Class 12
Flamingo - Poems (Literature)

Read the given extract and answer the questions

Extract:

Those who prepare green wars,

wars with gas, wars with fire,

victories with no survivors,

would put on clean clothes

and walk about with their brothers

(Keeping Quiet)

Keeping Quiet - Extract based questions - Teachoo.png

Question (i)

What is the rhyme scheme of the extract?

  •    (a) ABABC
  •    (b)  ABCDE
  •    (c) AABBA
  •    (d)  ABABA

Answer:

   Answer written by student:

( d) ABABA

   Step-by-Step explanation of the answer:

  •    πŸŒŸ Hi, this is a question about rhyme scheme. Rhyme scheme is the pattern of sounds that repeats at the end of a line or stanza in a poem. 🌟
  •    πŸ“ To find the rhyme scheme of a poem, we need to label each line with a letter that corresponds to its end sound. For example, if two lines rhyme with each other, they get the same letter. If they don't rhyme, they get different letters. πŸ“
  •    πŸŽ¨ Let's look at the extract and label each line with a letter:

    Those who prepare green wars, A

   wars with gas, wars with fire, B

   victories with no survivors, A

   would put on clean clothes,B

   and walk about with their brothers ,A

  •    πŸŽ‰ As you can see, the first, third and fifth lines rhyme with each other. They all have the same /Ι™rz/ sound at the end. The second and fourth lines rhyme with each other. They both have the same /oʊz/ sound at the end. So the rhyme scheme is ABABA. πŸŽ‰
  •    πŸ’― That's why the correct answer is D. ABABA. πŸ’―

Question (ii)

What does the use of the word "green" suggest?

  •    (a) The wars are environmentally friendly.
  •    (b) The wars are new and fresh.
  •    (c) The wars are related to money or greed.
  •    (d) The wars are caused by jealousy or envy.

Answer:

   Answer written by student: C. 

(c) The wars are related to money or greed.

   Step-by-Step explanation of the answer:

  •    πŸŒŸ Hi, this is a question about word choice. Word choice is the use of specific words to convey meaning and tone in a text. 🌟
  •    πŸ“ To answer this question, we need to understand what the word "green" means and how it affects the mood of the poem. πŸ“
  •    πŸŽ¨ The word "green" can have different meanings depending on the context and the connotation. Connotation is the implied or associated meaning of a word beyond its literal definition. For example, "green" can have a positive connotation when it refers to nature or health, but it can have a negative connotation when it refers to sickness or inexperience.
  •    In the extract, the word "green" has a negative connotation because it refers to wars that are prepared by those who are greedy or selfish for money or power. The word "green" also contrasts with the words "gas" and "fire", which are colors that suggest destruction and violence. The word "green" also creates irony because it usually implies something good or natural, but here it implies something evil or unnatural. 🎨

   Question (iii)

 Select the option that is NOT true about the lack of punctuation at the end of line 2 in the extract.

  •    (a) It creates a sense of continuity and movement.
  •    (b) It reflects the speaker's stream of consciousness.
  •    (c) It emphasizes the contrast between green wars and other wars.
  •    (d) It indicates a pause or a change of direction.

   Answer written by student:

(d) It indicates a pause or a change of direction.

   Step-by-Step explanation of the answer:

  •    πŸŒŸ Hi, this is a question about punctuation. Punctuation is the use of marks such as commas, periods, dashes, etc., to separate sentences and parts of sentences in a text. Punctuation can affect the meaning, tone, and rhythm of a text. 🌟
  •    πŸ“ To answer this question, we need to understand how the lack of punctuation at the end of line 2 in the extract affects the text. πŸ“
  •     🎨 The lack of punctuation at the end of line 2 in the extract creates a sense of continuity and movement because it connects the second line with the third line without a break or a stop. It also reflects the speaker's stream of consciousness because it shows that he is listing different types of wars without stopping to think or analyze them. It also emphasizes the contrast between green wars and other wars because it shows that they are all equally bad and destructive.
  •    However, the lack of punctuation at the end of line 2 in the extract does not indicate a pause or a change of direction because it does not create a gap or a shift in the speaker's thought or speech. It does not signal that he is moving on to a different topic or idea. 🎨
  •    πŸŽ‰ By understanding how the lack of punctuation at the end of line 2 in the extract affects the text, we can answer this question correctly. πŸŽ‰
  •    πŸ’― That's why the correct answer is D. It indicates a pause or a change of direction. πŸ’―

Question (iv)

 What is the tone of the speaker in the extract?

  •    (a) Joyful and optimistic
  •    (b) Sad and nostalgic
  •    (c) Angry and resentful
  •    (d) Neutral and factual

Answer:

   Answer written by student:

(c) Angry and resentful

   Step-by-Step explanation of the answer:

  •    πŸŒŸ Hi, this is a question about tone. Tone is the attitude or emotion that the speaker or writer conveys through their words and style. 🌟
  •    πŸ“ To answer this question, we need to analyze the words and phrases that the speaker uses and how they affect the mood of the poem. πŸ“
  •     πŸŽ¨ The speaker uses words and phrases that show his anger and resentment towards those who prepare wars that cause death and destruction. For example, he uses words like "green", "gas", "fire", and "no survivors" to describe the wars that they prepare. These are words that suggest greed, violence, and cruelty. He also uses words like "would" and "clean" to show his sarcasm and disbelief that they would ever change their ways or repent for their actions. He also uses words like "brothers" to show his irony and bitterness that they would ever treat others as their equals or with respect. 🎨
  •    πŸŽ‰ By using these words and phrases, the speaker creates a tone of anger and resentment in the extract. He expresses his frustration and disgust for those who prepare wars that harm others and the earth. πŸŽ‰
  •    πŸ’― That's why the correct answer is C. Angry and resentful. πŸ’―

Question (v)

 Complete the sentence with the best word from the options given:

The speaker's use of the word "brothers" is an example of _________.

  •   (a)  metaphor
  •   (b) simile
  •   (c)  symbol
  •    (d) irony

   Answer written by student:

(d) irony

   Step-by-Step explanation of the answer:

  •    πŸŒŸ Hi, this is another question about figurative language again. Figurative language is the use of words or expressions that have a different meaning from their literal one, such as metaphors, similes, symbols, etc. Irony is a figure of speech that uses words or expressions that convey a meaning that is opposite or different from their literal or expected meaning, usually for humorous or critical effect. 🌟
  •    πŸ“ To answer this question, we need to understand what the word "brothers" means and how it creates irony in the extract. πŸ“
  •    πŸŽ¨ The word "brothers" literally means male siblings who share the same parents or ancestors. It can also mean male friends or companions who share a common bond or interest. However, in the extract, the speaker uses the word "brothers" to refer to those who prepare wars that kill and hurt other people and animals. He does this to create irony because he does not really mean that they are brothers or that they act like brothers. He means the opposite: that they are enemies or strangers who do not care about others or the earth. He uses the word "brothers" to mock and criticize them for their hypocrisy and cruelty. 🎨
  •    πŸŽ‰ By understanding what the word "brothers" means and how it creates irony in the extract, we can answer this question correctly. πŸŽ‰

Question (vi)

True or false:

The extract has a regular rhythm and rhyme scheme.

Answer:

Answer written by student:

 False

Step-by-Step explanation of the answer:

  • 🌟 Hi, this is another question about rhythm and rhyme scheme again. Rhythm is the pattern
  • of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line or stanza of a poem. Rhyme scheme is the pattern of sounds that repeats at the end of a line or stanza in a poem. 🌟
  • πŸ“ To answer this question, we need to identify if the extract has a regular rhythm and rhyme scheme or not. πŸ“
  • 🎨 The extract does not have a regular rhythm and rhyme scheme. The extract has five lines, but they do not have the same number of syllables or stresses. For example, the first line has nine syllables and four stresses, while the second line has six syllables and three stresses. The extract also does not have a consistent rhyme scheme. The first and third lines rhyme with each other, but the second, fourth, and fifth lines do not rhyme with any other line. Therefore, the extract does not follow a regular pattern of rhythm and rhyme. 🎨
  • πŸŽ‰ By identifying if the extract has a regular rhythm and rhyme scheme or not, we can answer this question correctly. πŸŽ‰
  • πŸ’― That’s why the correct answer is False. The extract does not have a regular rhythm and rhyme scheme. πŸ’―

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo