Examples

Chapter 5 Class 9 Introduction to Euclid's Geometry
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Example 3 Consider the following statement : There exists a pair of straight lines that are everywhere equidistant from one another. Is this statement a direct consequence of Euclid’s fifth postulate? Explain. Take any line l and a point P not on l. Then, by Playfair’s axiom, which is equivalent to the fifth postulate, we know that there is a unique line m through P which is parallel to l. Now, the distance of a point from a line is the length of the perpendicular from the point to the line. This distance will be the same for any point on m from l and any point on l from m. So, these two lines are everywhere equidistant from one another.

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#### Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.