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AGRICULTURE (Code No. 068)

CLASS XI (Theory) 2017-18


One Theory  Paper                                                                           30 marks

Unit wise weightage                                                                   Time: 3 hours

Section Units Marks
I Agriculture and Crop Production  
Part A  Unit: I: Scope and Importance
Unit: II: Physical Environment
Unit: III: Agriculture Economics and Crop Production
Part B Genetics and Plant Breeding
Unit: IV Genetics and Plant Breeding 
II Livestock Production
Unit V: Scope and Importance
Unit VI: Care and Management
Unit VII: Bio-waste Management and Government Schemes
III Practical    30
  Total   100


PART A - AGRICULTURE AND CROP PRODUCTION:                                                      Total Periods - 85

Unit I: Scope and Importance:                                                                                                  05 Periods

  • Definition of Agriculture, its branches
  • Scope in the national economy and employment

Unit II: Physical Environment:

  1. Climate and Weather, elements of Weather: Rainfall, Temperature, Humidity, Wind, Sunshine, Climate Change and Global warming. Introduction to various meteorological equipments.
  2. Soil, Soil texture and structure and its types, distribution and area.
  3. Soil erosion and Soil conservation. Reclamation of problematic soils acidic and alkali.
  4. Tillage definition and types. Concept of conservation and tillage.

Unit III: Agriculture Economics and Crop Production                                                             40 Periods

  1. Agricultural Economics, Cooperative system in Agriculture, Crop insurance. Kisan Credit Cards. Marketing of Agricultural products (supply chain, retailing, wholesale), haats.
  2. Package of practices in field crops like important varieties, seed rate, sowing time, intercultural operations, yield and marketing for Rice, Wheat, Maize, Mustard, Sunflower, Soyabean, Groundnut, Black gram, Red gram, Pea, Jute, Sugarcane, Sorghum, Pearl millet and Finger millet.
  3. Package of practices of fruits: Mango, Banana, Guava, Lime, Grape, Apple, Pomegranate. Vegetables: Potato, Tomato, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Spinach, Brinjal, Bottle gourd, Pumpkin, Cucumber. Flower- Rose, Gladiolus, Marigold.
  4. Types of seed-foundation and certified and methods of plant propagation – Layering and Cutting, and Tissue culture.
  5. Important farm implements and their general maintenance.


PART B - GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING                                                                                 30 Periods

Unit IV: Genetics and Plant Breeding

  1. Cell and its structure, cell division-Mitosis and Meiosis and their significance in plant growth and development.
  2. Introduction to -DNA, RNA, and their differences.
  3. Role of Genetics in Plant breeding, self and cross-pollinated crops, methods of breeding in field crops-introduction, Selection, Hybridization, Mutation.
  4. Mendel's laws of Inheritance. Illustrative depiction of the Mendel's experiments, their importance in plant breeding.


SECTION - II: Livestock Production                                                                                          30 Periods

Unit V: Scope and Importance                                                                                                  10 Periods

  1. Importance of livestock in Agriculture, National Economy and Nutritional security
  2. Important animal based food products and their role in our diet.
  3. Important indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle, buffalo and poultry, and quantitative and qualitative production details of produces (milk, meat and eggs)
  4. Concept of Anand pattern of cooperative system of milk procurement and pricing of milk. Marketing of milk in India.

Unit VI: Care and Management                                                                                                  40 Periods

  1. Animal body structure and functions.
  2. Concept of grazing and stall feeding including poultry feeding.
  3. Principles of feeding, feeding practices; Important fodder crops; Silage and Hay preparation; Balanced ratio-definition and ingredients.
  4. Housing of dairy animals and poultry animals.
  5. Management of calves, bullocks, pregnant and milch animals as well as chicks and layers.
  6. Production of milk and eggs.
  7. Systems of milking by hand and by machine. Important considerations in both these methods.
  8. Concept of clean milk production processing, pasteurization and packaging and milk. Value added products from milk.
  9. Principles of disease manangement and vaccination.
  10. Signs of sick animals, symptoms of common diseases in cattle and poultry-Rinderpest, Black quarter, Foot and Mouth, Mastitis, Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, Solmonellosis, bird flu, Fowl Pox and Ranikhet disease, their prevention and control.

Unit VII: Bio-Waste Management and Government Schemes                                                 05 Periods

  1. Utilization of animals in Bio-wastes and Biogas plant
  2. Important government schemes for development of livestock dairy and pourity in India. Their important features and eligibility criteria.

AGRICULTURE (Code No. 068)



One Paper                                                                                                              30 marks

Unit wise weightage                                                                                        Time: 3 hours

Section Units Marks
I Part A-Agriculture and Crop Production     12
  Part B- Genetics, Plant Breeding and Microbiology     -
II Livestock practical      8
  Reports of the visit     5
  Viva voce     5
  Total    30


Part A - Agriculture and Crop Production

  1. Agriculture and Crop Production - Practical
    1. Visit to a crop field. Identify different crops growing in the field and make a report.
    2. Identification of farm implements used for different operations, draw a design of atleast 5 implements and make a report.
    3. Identification of seeds of different crops.
    4. Seed germination test. (two cereals , two pulses, two vegetables, two flowers)
    5. Calculation of cost of production of wheat crop in one hectare of land area & prepare a report.
    6. Visit to an orchard and identify different fruit crops and make a report.
    7. Identification of important vegetable crops, prepare a report.
    8. Identification of important flower crops.
    9. Orchard layout, digging of pits and planting of sapling of any one fruit crop.
    10. Land preparation and sowing of wheat crop seed in the bed.


2. Livestock - Practical

a. Identification of body parts of dairy animals and Poultry.

b. Identification of common breeds of cows, buffaloes and poultry birds.

c. Handling and restraining of animals.

d. Testing of milk fat and SNF.

e. Visit to a local veterinary hospital and observe the condition of a sick animal and prepare a report.

f. Compute ration for an animal and poultry and prepare a report.

g. Visit to milk processing plant and on outlet a milk & milk products centre. Record the processing & sale of variety in milk based products.

h. Identification of feeds, fodder crops and grasses.

i. Visit to Biogas plant.


3. Report on the Visits

1. The student have to prepare a report of their visit to different organizations and submit to the subject teacher for the evaluation. The report must contain the student's original work and observations.

2. Prepare Her barium of different crops and weed species. The leaves of the crops and weeds are pressed dried and mounted on the Her barium sheet.


4. Viva Voce

Students can be asked questions based on:

i. Identification of objects

ii. Visit Report analysis.

iii. Experiences in their field visits, etc.

A range of 5 to 10 questions can be asked depending on the response of the student. Evaluation 5x1=5 Or should be based on number of questions answered. Evaluate should stick to the time and ½ x10=5 number of questions.

AGRICULTURE (Theory) (Code No. 068)


CLASS – XI 2017-18

Time: 3 hrs.                                                                                                                                      Marks: 70

S.no Typology of Questions Learning
Outcomes &
Testing Skills
Answer -1 Mark

Answer–I 2 Marks

3 Marks
5 marks
Marks  %
1 Remembering- (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories,
Identify, define, or recite, information); Map skill based
questions (Identification, location)
  • Reasoning
  • Analytical Skills
3 1 1 1 13 19%
2 Understanding- (Comprehension –to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information) 3 1 3 2 24 34%
3 Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations; Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem) 2 - 2 2 18 26%
4 High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & SynthesisClassify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information; Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources) - 1 1 1 10 14%
5 Evaluation- (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes based on values) 1 2 - - 5 7%
TOTAL  9x1=9  5x2=10 7X3=21 6X5=30 70 100%

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