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CLASS – XI (2017-18)
Theory: 80 Marks                                                                      Project: 20 Marks

Units   Marks Periods
Part A Statistics for Economics    
  1.  Introduction       13       07
  2.  Collection, Organisation and Presentation of Data       27
  3.  Statistical Tools and Interpretation       27      66
         40     100
Part B  Indian Economic Development     
  4.  Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991  12 28
  5.  Current Challenges facing Indian Economy  20 60
  6. Development Experience of India - A Comparison with Neighbours   8 12
  Theory Paper (40+40 = 80 Marks)  40 100
Part C  Project Work  20 20


Part A: Statistics for Economics

In this course, the learners are expected to acquire skills in collection, organisation and presentation of quantitative and qualitative information pertaining to various simple economic aspects systematically. It also intends to provide some basic statistical tools to analyse, and interpret any economic information and draw appropriate inferences. In this process, the learners are also expected to understand the behaviour of various economic data.

Unit 1: Introduction

What is Economics?

Meaning, scope, functions and importance of statistics in Economics

Unit 2: Collection, Organisation and Presentation of data

Collection of data - sources of data - primary and secondary; how basic data is collected, with concepts of Sampling; Sampling and Non-Sampling errors; methods of collecting data; some important sources of secondary data: Census of India and National Sample Survey Organisation.

Organisation of Data : Meaning and types of variables; Frequency Distribution.

Presentation of Data : Tabular Presentation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data: (i) Geometric forms (bar diagrams and pie diagrams), (ii) Frequency diagrams (histogram, polygon and ogive) and (iii) Arithmetic line graphs (time series graph).

Unit 3: Statistical Tools and Interpretation

(For all the numerical problems and solutions, the appropriate economic interpretation may be attempted. This means, the students need to solve the problems and provide interpretation for the results derived.)

Measures of Central Tendency - mean (simple and weighted), median and mode

Measures of Dispersion - absolute dispersion (range, quartile deviation, mean deviation and standard deviation); relative dispersion (co-efficient of range, co-efficient of quartile-deviation, co-efficient of mean deviation, co-efficient of variation); Lorenz Curve: Meaning, construction and its application.

Correlation – meaning and properties, scatter diagram; Measures of correlation - Karl Pearson's method (two variables ungrouped data) Spearman's rank correlation.

Introduction to Index Numbers - meaning, types - wholesale price index, consumer price index and index of industrial production, uses of index numbers; Inflation and index numbers.

Part B: Indian Economic Development

Unit 4: Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991:

A brief introduction of the state of Indian economy on the eve of independence. Common goals of Five Year Plans.

Main features, problems and policies of agriculture (institutional aspects and new agricultural strategy, etc.), industry (industrial licensing, etc.) and foreign trade.

Economic Reforms since 1991:

Need and main features - liberalisation, globalisation and privatisation;

An appraisal of LPG policies

Unit 5: Current challenges facing Indian Economy

Poverty - absolute and relative; Main programmes for poverty alleviation: A critical assessment;

Rural development : Key issues - credit and marketing - role of cooperatives; agricultural diversification; alternative farming - organic farming

Human Capital Formation : How people become resource; Role of human capital in economic development; Growth of Education Sector in India

Employment : Formal and informal, growth and other issues: Problems and policies.

Infrastructure : Meaning and Types: Case Studies: Energy and Health: Problems and Policies- A critical assessment;

Sustainable Economic Development: Meaning, Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment, including global warming. 


Unit 6: Development Experience of India:

A comparison with neighbours

India and Pakistan

India and China

Issues: growth, population, sectorial development and other developmental indicators.


Part C: Developing Projects in Economics

The students may be encouraged to develop project, as per the suggested project guidelines. Case studies of a few organisations / outlets may also be encouraged. Under this the students will do only ONE comprehensive project using concepts from both part A and part B. Some of the examples of the projects are as follows (they are not mandatory but suggestive):

(i) A report on demographic structure of your neighborhood.

(ii) Changing consumer awareness amongst households.

(iii) Dissemination of price information for growers and its impact on consumers. .

(iv) Study of a cooperative institution: milk cooperatives, marketing cooperatives, etc.

(v) Case studies on public private partnership, outsourcing and outward Foreign Direct Investment.

(vi) Global warming.

(vii) Designing eco-friendly projects applicable in school such as paper and water recycle.

The idea behind introducing this unit is to enable the students to develop the ways and means by which a project can be developed using the skills learned in the course. This includes all the steps involved in designing a project starting from choosing a title, exploring the information relating to the title, collection of primary and secondary data, analysing the data, presentation of the project and using various statistical tools and their interpretation and conclusion.

About the author
Ritu Sagar