Some of Euclid’s axioms are:

  1. Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to one another.
  2. If equals are added to equals, the wholes are equal.
  3. If equals are subtracted from equals, the remainders are equal.
  4. Things which coincide with one another are equal to one another.
  5. The whole is greater than a part.
  6. Things which are double of the same things are equal to one another.
  7. Things which are halves of the same things are equal to one another.

 

1 st Axiom

1st axiom says Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to one another.

An application of 1 st axiom can be  

Area of triangle 1 = Area of triangle 2

& Area of triangle 3 = Area of triangle 2

So, Area of triangle 1 = Area of triangle 3

1st Axiom.jpeg

4 th axiom

4 th axiom says two things as identical. Then they must be equal.

Since line l 1 and l 2 are identical.

They are equal
4th Axiom.jpg

5 th Axiom

5 th axiom is The whole is greater than a part.

This axiom gives us the definition of greater than

5th Axiom.jpg

 

Here,

Area of Blue triangle is greater than the area of green triangle.

Whole is greater than part.jpg

  1. Chapter 5 Class 9 Introduction to Euclid's Geometry
  2. Concept wise
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Davneet Singh
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