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Ex 4.2, 6  - Show that |0 a -b -a 0 -c b c 0| = 0 - Ex 4.2

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  1. Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants
  2. Serial order wise
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Ex 4.2, 6 (Method 1) By using properties of determinants, show that: 0﷮a﷮−b﷮−a﷮0﷮−c﷮b﷮c﷮0﷯﷯ = 0 Let Δ = 0﷮a﷮−b﷮−a﷮0﷮−c﷮b﷮c﷮0﷯﷯ Multiply & Divide by ab = 𝑎𝑏﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ 0﷮a﷮−b﷮−a﷮0﷮−c﷮b﷮c﷮0﷯﷯ = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ a . b 0﷮a﷮−b﷮−a﷮0﷮−c﷮b﷮c﷮0﷯﷯ Multiplying C2 by b & C3 by a = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ 0﷮𝐛(a)﷮𝐚(−b)﷮−a﷮𝐛(0)﷮𝐚(−c)﷮b﷮𝐛(c)﷮𝐚(0)﷯﷯ = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ 0﷮ab﷮−𝑏𝑎﷮−a﷮0﷮−ca﷮b﷮bc﷮0﷯﷯ Applying C2 → C2 + C3 = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ 0﷮ab+(−𝐛𝐚)﷮−𝑏𝑎﷮−a﷮0+(−ca)﷮−ca﷮b﷮bc+0﷮0﷯﷯ = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ 0﷮𝟎﷮−𝑏𝑎﷮−a﷮−ca﷮−ca﷮b﷮bc﷮0﷯﷯ Expanding Determinant along R1 = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ 0 −𝑎𝑐﷮−𝑐𝑎﷮𝑏𝑐﷮0﷯﷯−0 −𝑎﷮−𝑐𝑎﷮𝑏﷮0﷯﷯−ba −𝑎﷮−𝑎𝑐﷮𝑏﷮𝑏𝑐﷯﷯﷯ = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ 0−0−ba −𝑎﷮−𝑎𝑐﷮𝑏﷮𝑏𝑐﷯﷯﷯ = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ (– ba ( (–a)bc – b(–ac)) ) = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ ( – ba ( – abc + abc)) = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ ( – ba (0)) = 1﷮𝑎𝑏﷯ × 0 = 0 = R.H.S Hence proved Ex 4.2, 6 (Method 2) By using properties of determinants, show that: 0﷮a﷮−b﷮−a﷮0﷮−c﷮b﷮c﷮0﷯﷯ = 0 Let Δ = 0﷮a﷮−b﷮−a﷮0﷮−c﷮b﷮c﷮0﷯﷯ Taking ( – 1) common from each row Δ = ( –1) ( –1) ( –1) 0﷮−a﷮b﷮a﷮0﷮c﷮−b﷮−c﷮0﷯﷯ Δ = ( – 1)3 0﷮−a﷮b﷮a﷮0﷮c﷮−b﷮−c﷮0﷯﷯ Δ = – 0﷮−a﷮b﷮a﷮0﷮c﷮−b﷮−c﷮0﷯﷯ From (1) Δ = 0﷮a﷮−b﷮−a﷮0﷮−c﷮b﷮c﷮0﷯﷯ Interchanging rows & columns Δ = 0﷮−a﷮b﷮a﷮0﷮c﷮−b﷮−c﷮0﷯﷯ Adding (2) & (3) Δ + ∆ = – 0﷮−a﷮b﷮a﷮0﷮c﷮−b﷮−c﷮0﷯﷯ + 0﷮−a﷮b﷮a﷮0﷮c﷮−b﷮−c﷮0﷯﷯ 2∆ = 0﷮a﷮−b﷮−a﷮0﷮−c﷮b﷮c﷮0﷯﷯ + 0﷮−a﷮b﷮a﷮0﷮c﷮−b﷮−c﷮0﷯﷯ = 0﷮0﷮0﷮0﷮0﷮0﷮0﷮0﷮0﷯﷯ = 0 2∆ = 0 ⇒ Δ = 0 Hence proved

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Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He provides courses for Mathematics from Class 9 to 12. You can ask questions here.
  • Mohammed Zeeshan's image
    Mohammed Zeeshan
    May 18, 2017, 10:38 p.m.
    Can we add elements of 2 determinants directly, as we add elements in 2 matrixes ( such as adding corresponding elements of 2 matrixes ) 

    Sir,...Please answer me as soon as possible.
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