1. Chapter 10 Class 11 Straight Lines
2. Serial order wise
3. Examples

Transcript

Example 15 Find the angle between the lines y − √3x − 5 = 0 and √3y − x + 6 = 0 . Let the lines be y − √3 x − 5 = 0 √3 y − x + 6 = 0 We know that angle between 2 lines (θ) can be found by using formula tan θ =|(𝑚_2 − 𝑚_1)/(1 + 𝑚_2 𝑚_1 )| Let the slope of line (1) be m1 & slope of line (2) be m2 Angle between two lines is given tan θ =|(𝑚_2 − 𝑚_1)/(1 + 𝑚_2 𝑚_1 )| Putting values tan θ = |(1/√3 − √3)/(1 + 1/√3 × √3)| = |(1/√3 − √3)/(1 + 1)| = |((1 − (√3)(√3))/√3)/2| = |(1 − 3)/(2√3)| = |( − 2)/(2√3)| = |( − 1)/√3| = 1/√3 Thus, tan θ = 1/√3 We know that tan 30° = 1/√3 So, tan θ = tan 30° θ = 30° Thus, the acute angle between the lines (1) & (2) is θ = 30° & obtuse angle between (say ϕ) these two lines is ϕ = 180 − θ ϕ = 180 − 30° ϕ = 150° Thus, the required angle between lines is 30° or 150° Note There are always two angles between the lines, one acute angle θ & other obtuse angle ϕ which are in linear pair, Thus θ + ϕ = 180° ϕ = 180° – θ

Examples